South Sudan is known as an important oil producer but the country is also believed to have significant mineral resources such as gold, copper, diamonds, limestone, etc. The government is very active in promoting investment in exploration and the development of mining projects. South Sudan became Africa’s newest independent country with the official name of the Republic of South Sudan in 2011 after a referendum to secede from Sudan.
The landlocked country includes the former Sudanese States of Central Equatoria, Eastern Equatoria, Jonglei, Lakes, Northern Bahr el Ghazal, Unity, Upper Nile, Warrap, Western Bahr el Ghazal, and Western Equatoria. South Sudan’s proven crude oil reserves were estimated to be 3.5 billion barrels at the end of 2014, which were the sixth largest in Africa. Otherwise, the country was not a significant producer or consumer of minerals and mineral fuels. Only a fraction of the country had been geologically surveyed in 2014; most exploration was for gold. The Ministry of Petroleum and Mining had identified mineral resources that included copper, gold, iron ore, lead, manganese, and zinc. Large dolomite, marble, and uranium deposits were also identified in the country.
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