Enugu State, Nigeria

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Enugu State is one of the states in the eastern part of Nigeria located at the foot of the Udi Plateau. The state shares borders with Abia State and Imo State to the south, Ebonyi State to the east, Benue State to the northeast, Kogi State to the northwest and Anambra State to the west. Enugu, the capital city of Enugu State, is on the railroad from Port Harcourt, 150 miles (240 km) south-southwest, and at the intersection of roads from Aba, Onitsha, and Abakaliki. It is approximately 4 driving hours away from Port Harcourt, where coal shipments exited Nigeria. Enugu is also located within an hour's drive from Onitsha, one of the biggest commercial cities in Africa and two hours' drive from Aba, another very large commercial city, both of which are trading centres in Nigeria. The average temperature in this city is cooler to mild (60 degrees Fahrenheit) in its cooler months and gets warmer to hot in its warmer months (upper 80 degrees Fahrenheit) and very good for outdoor activities with family and friends or just for personal leisure.

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Enugu State, southeastern Nigeria is endowed with many natural resources which include coal, oil shale, gas, glass sands, ironstone, clay minerals, limestone, gypsum and alum. They occur in various formations of the state which includes Enugu Shale, Mamu Formation, Ajali Formation, Nsukka Formation and Imo shale. The minerals presently under exploitation are clay, sand, ironstone with others being underexploited or found in an uneconomic reserve. Mining of coal ceased since the 1990’s hence reducing drastically the economic hub of the state. The return to coal exploitation and other solid minerals will enhance the economic output of the state.

Enugu became important in the 1950s due to the discovery of coal deposits. The coal deposits were considerable and helped drive power generation and railway development between the 1960s and the late 1970s. When crude oil became Nigeria’s main export and income generator, the dependence on coal dwindled greatly. During the coal boom, little or no work was done by the governments at that time to develop other solid minerals in the region. That situation has not changed to date although it is anticipated that the commercialization and general reforms currently being undertaken by the government of Nigeria will lead to an upsurge in the exploration, quantification and exploitation of Nigeria’s solid mineral resources

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