Enugu State, southeastern Nigeria is endowed with many natural resources which include coal, oil shale, gas, glass sands, ironstone, clay minerals, limestone, gypsum and alum. They occur in various formations of the state which includes Enugu Shale, Mamu Formation, Ajali Formation, Nsukka Formation and Imo shale. The minerals presently under exploitation are clay, sand, ironstone with others being underexploited or found in an uneconomic reserve. Mining of coal ceased since the 1990’s hence reducing drastically the economic hub of the state. The return to coal exploitation and other solid minerals will enhance the economic output of the state.
Enugu became important in the 1950s due to the discovery of coal deposits. The coal deposits were considerable and helped drive power generation and railway development between the 1960s and the late 1970s. When crude oil became Nigeria’s main export and income generator, the dependence on coal dwindled greatly. During the coal boom, little or no work was done by the governments at that time to develop other solid minerals in the region. That situation has not changed to date although it is anticipated that the commercialization and general reforms currently being undertaken by the government of Nigeria will lead to an upsurge in the exploration, quantification and exploitation of Nigeria’s solid mineral resources
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