Bauchi State, Nigeria

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Bauchi State (Hausa: Jihar Bauchi) takes its name from the historic town of Bauchi, which also serves as the capital city and is located in the North East of Nigeria. The state was formed in 1976 when the former North-Eastern State was broken up. It originally included the area now in Gombe State, which became a distinct state in 1996.

Quick Facts

Tin

Primary Mineral

undisclosed

Estimated Reserves

undisclosed

Tax Benefits

undisclosed

Resource Businesses

Agriculture dominates the economy, and millet, sorghum, corn (maize), yams, rice, cassava (manioc), tomatoes, and vegetables are produced. Bauchi is one of the country’s main cotton-producing states; coffee and peanuts (groundnuts) are the other cash crops. Cattle, goats, and sheep are raised. From the mid-1970s irrigation schemes have greatly increased production. Alluvial tin and columbite mining provide minerals for export; cassiterite, coal, limestone, iron ore, antimony, and marble are abundant mineral resources.

Cotton weaving and dyeing, tanning, and blacksmithing are traditional activities. The state’s industries include meat-products processing and canning, peanut processing, vegetable oil milling, and cotton ginning. There is also an assembly plant for commercial vehicles and trucks and a cement factory. Bauchi town, the state capital, is an important collecting and shipping centre on the railway from Maiduguri to Kafanchan and is also a major road hub in the state. Yankari National Park (q.v.), with a hot spring at Wikki, is a major tourist attraction.

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